The Cooper Institute
 

Founded in 1970 by the "Father of Aerobics"
Kenneth H. Cooper MD, MPH

 
 
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Tuesday, Feb 20, 2018

How Does Being Sedentary Hurt Your Heart? New Insights from the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study

We’ve known for a long time that having a low level of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the mechanisms behind this complex relationship are not fully understood. While being fit has favorable effects on many CVD risk factors, these effects do not fully explain why having a low level of fitness is so detrimental to heart health. Read on to learn more about how being sedentary is actually associated with low level heart muscle damage....

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Friday, Feb 16, 2018

Midlife Fitness Level is a Strong Predictor of Stroke: The Cooper Center Longitudinal Study

Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability in the U.S., and is also among the leading causes of death. Risk factors for stroke such as hypertension, diabetes, age, and atrial fibrillation were identified long ago. More recently, low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) have emerged as a strong and independent risk factor for stroke as well. Read on to learn more about how Cooper Institute data shows that CRF level at midlife impacts the risk of having a stroke after the age of 65!...

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Friday, Feb 02, 2018

Introduction to the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study (CCLS)

Many of us with an interest in health and fitness take it for granted that being physically fit helps to improve coronary risk factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol and weight, but someone had to prove it first! That was none other than Dr. Kenneth Cooper, the “Father of Aerobics” who was the first to publish a study proving that exercise really is medicine. Read on to learn more about the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study, the largest study of its kind....

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Friday, Feb 02, 2018

Know your Cardiorespiratory Fitness Level and Coronary Artery Calcium Score

Most health-conscious people know that their resting blood pressure, cholesterol level, smoking status, etc. are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. A lesser number of people know that their level of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) level is also a strong risk factor, and very few know about the importance of coronary artery calcification (CAC) score as a risk factor. In this blog, we examine a recent novel study that examined the effect of CRF across different levels of CAC on the risk of cardiovascular events in a large group of Cooper Clinic men. Read on to learn more!...

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Monday, Dec 11, 2017

The New Blood Pressure Guidelines: It’s not a Conspiracy!

With the holidays upon us, everyone knows that things can get really hectic and stressful. Stress can have an adverse effect on our blood pressure. As it just so happens, the American Heart Association has recently released new guidelines for identifying and treating hypertension. Read on to learn more about these important changes and how they might affect you!...

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Tuesday, Nov 14, 2017

Prediabetes: A Common Risk Factor That You May Not Have Heard About

Just about everyone knows that factors such as high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol levels increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. Did you know that there’s another risk factor present in about 85 million Americans that most people have never heard of? It’s called prediabetes; and it’s nearly always preventable or treatable. Read on to learn more!...

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Friday, Nov 10, 2017

Is Cardiorespiratory Fitness Level in Midlife Associated with Later-Life Dementia? The Cooper Center Longitudinal Study

As the median age and average life expectancy of U.S. adults continue to increase, the issue of dementia has come to the forefront as a public health issue. Annual health care costs for the ~5.4 million Americans with dementia are increasing sharply. Unlike cardiovascular disease and cancer, each of which has guidelines for lifestyle changes geared toward prevention, there is not sufficient evidence at this time to promote lifestyle changes for prevention of dementia. Among the reasons is a lack of large, long-term studies that focus on lifestyle-influenced risk factors for dementia. One promising area for the prevention of dementia...

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Wednesday, Nov 08, 2017

You Know Your ABC’s; Do You Know Your A1C?

Did you know that the estimated prevalence of type 2 diabetes is 10-20 times that of type 1? Or that upwards of 90 million Americans have prediabetes? Type 2 and prediabetes are largely preventable, but sometimes we simply don’t know what we don’t know. One important test you may not be familiar with is Hemoglobin A1C. Read on to learn more about this important test and why you might want to ask for it the next time you visit your doctor....

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Tuesday, Oct 10, 2017

Is Hormone Replacement Therapy for Menopause Symptoms Worth the Risk?

Rightfully so, there’s literally an awareness month for each and every cause. October happens to be Breast Cancer Awareness Month and World Menopause Month. Our understanding of menopause today is far greater than our mothers’ generation and their mothers before them. However, one thing that hasn’t changed is still one of the most debilitating aspects of menopause: the severe symptoms that interfere with quality of life. Advancements in science can provide substantial relief, but the ‘risks versus benefits’ concern remains high among women. New findings from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), the largest study of its kind, sheds new light on treating menopausal symptoms and what may, or may not, be right for you or a woman in your life you care about....

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Friday, Sep 22, 2017

Vitamin D Levels in the U.S. Population are Getting a Little Better!

It is well-known that vitamin D deficiency is widespread in the U.S., and that deficiencies are tied to numerous health problems. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has been tracking vitamin D levels in the population over the past few decades. The most recent findings and recommendations are summarized in our current blog....

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Monday, Jun 26, 2017

Should You Be Nuts Over Coconuts?

Over the past few years, a number of claims have been made regarding the benefits of dietary coconut oil (DCO). Weight loss and improved heart health are among the most commonly purported health benefits of DCO. Because I’m a big proponent of the old adage ‘if it seems too good to be true, it probably is’, let’s take an objective look at what the science says. First off, while dietary saturated fats tend to increase blood levels of LDL-cholesterol (the bad cholesterol), not all saturated fatty acids are exactly alike. Dietary saturated fatty acids fall in two categories based on how many carb...

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Thursday, May 11, 2017

Does Blood Pressure Earlier in Life Predict Hypertension Later in Life?

In a recently published paper, the authors presented data strongly suggesting that monitoring blood pressure during childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood can be used to predict future prehypertension and hypertension, as well as future risk of cardiovascular disease....

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